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The SLOW Movement



LEVEL A.2 - B.1

 

                                   Connect over food

 

The Slow Food Movement is a relatively new activity to oppose to the quick development of fast food and it is closely related to Worldwide Slow Movement. The Slow Food Movement began with a protest against the opening of a McDonald's Fast Food restaurant near the Spanish Steps in the City of Rome, Italy in the 1980's. One of the organizers of this protest was an Italian writer and editor, Carlo Petrini. Petrini formed an organization called Arcicola in 1986. This organization later initiated the Slow Food Movement. The Movement now has over 80,000 members in over 100 different countries. Almost 350 subdivisions are located in Italy which is still the centre of the movement. The movement has Offices in Germany, the United States, France, Switzerland, Japan, and the United Kingdom. The main headquarters is located in Bra in Italy which is the hometown of Carlo Petrini. The office and headquarters are for support purposes only as each subdivision is independent and has its own leader. The Slow Food Movement has many different goals but the main idea is to stop fast food in our culture. It also has the goal of warning consumers against the dangers of fast food, promotes local food varieties, opposes the use of pesticides.

In 1989, Delegates from 20 different countries met together and approved a document called the Slow Food Manifesto that summarises the ideals of the organization. The following is a direct quote from the opening of the Manifesto: "Our century, which began and has developed under the symbol of industrial civilization, first invented the machine and then took it as its life model. We are imprisoned by speed and have all surrendered to the same dangerous virus: Fast Life, which disturbs our habits, upsets the privacy of our homes and forces us to eat Fast Foods. Homo Sapiens should get rid of speed before it puts him in danger of extinction."

These words show the connection between Slow Food and the general Slow Movement. The Slow Food Movement is focused on our food habits, but it is also related to the idea that modern human life is moving forward too fast. We are not getting a chance to enjoy anything, including the food we eat. The Slow Food movement preserves cultural cuisine and the food plants, domestic animals and farming within an ecoregion. The slow food movement has become a social and political movement which is able to fight against the effects of large-scale, commercial food production.



Social eating

 

 

Language Note

oppose (verb) - be against, resist

subdivision (noun) - section, branch

purpose (noun) - reason, function

warn (verb) - notify, inform about danger in advance

variety (noun) - selection, mixture

quote (noun) - citation

imprisoned (adjective) - jailed, locked up

surrender (verb) - give up, capitulate

disturb (verb) - upset, worry

get rid of (phrase - informal) - dispose of, throw away

extinction (noun) - death, destruction

preserve (verb) - protect, keep

 

 

Task to do.

Try to think of adjectives to describe the lifestyle and way of eating promoted by SLOW Movement. Then, find their opposites.


 

Answer

slow - fast, quick, rapid

peaceful - hectic

relaxed - stressed, busy

quiet - noisy

deserted - crowded

happy - unhappy

traditional - innovative

local - general

pleasant - unpleasant

friendly - unfriendly

 

 

LEVEL B1.5 - B.2

 

            Connect over food

 

The Slow Food Movement is a relatively new organized effort to resist the rapid spread of fast food and is closely associated with a broader Worldwide Slow Movement. The Slow Food Movement started when McDonald's planned to build an franchise outlet near the Spanish Steps in Rome in 1986. Carlo Petrini, Italian writer and editor organised a demonstration in which he and his followers used bowls of penne (type of Italian pasta) as weapons of protest.  Their demonstration was successful and soon after, Carlo founded the International Slow Food Movement which resists the fast food, fast life, commercial food production and the deterioration of local economies. The Slow Food Movement has grown to include over 80,000 members with chapters in over 100 different countries. There are over 800 different chapters with almost 350 of them being located in Italy which is still the spiritual headquarters of the movement. Offices have been opened in Germany, the United States, France, Switzerland, Japan, and the United Kingdom. The main headquarters is located in Bra in Italy which is the hometown of Carlo Petrini. The office and headquarters are for support purposes only as each Chapter is independent and under its own leader. The Chapter is solely responsible for activities in their region.

The goals of the Slow Food Movement are varied and go way beyond simple resistance to the violation of fast food into our culture. They do have the goal of warning consumers of the dangers of fast food, but they also encourage the preservation of cultural cuisine, local seed stocks and food varieties. They oppose the use of pesticides. The Slow Food Movement is closely associated with the much broader Slow Movement in opposing the large agricultural and food producing and distributing industry that is slowly reducing choice and variety in foods. In 1989, Delegates from 20 different countries met together and approved a document called the Slow Food Manifesto that sums up the ideals of the organization. The following is a direct quote from the opening of the Manifesto. "Our century, which began and has developed under the insignia of industrial civilization, first invented the machine and then took it as its life model. We are enslaved by speed and have all succumbed to the same insidious virus: Fast Life, which disrupts our habits, pervades the privacy of our homes and forces us to eat Fast Foods. To be worthy of the name, Homo Sapiens should get rid of speed before it reduces him to a species in danger of extinction."

 These words show the connection between Slow Food and the general Slow Movement, which includes the Slow Cities movement. The Slow Food Movement is focused on our food habits, but they are also concerned with the idea that modern human life is moving forward at too fast a pace. We are not getting a chance to appreciate anything, including the food we eat.

Social eating

 

 

Language Note

 spread (noun) - increase, development

outlet (noun) - shop, point of sales

chapter (noun) - division, section

succumb (verb) - surrender, give in

insidious (adjective) - dangerous

extinction (noun) - deterioration, death

pace (noun) - speed, rate, tempo

 

Task to do.

Try to think of adjectives to describe the lifestyle and way of eating promoted by SLOW Movement. Then, find their opposites.

 

 Answer

slow - fast, quick, rapid

peaceful - hectic

relaxed - stressed, busy

quiet - noisy

deserted - crowded

happy - unhappy

traditional - innovative

local - general

pleasant - unpleasant

friendly - unfriendly

conservative - modern

balanced - unbalanced

optimistic - pessimistic

joyful - sad, upset

sociable - hostile

 

 

LEVEL C1

 

                        Connect over food

Many of people feel that their lives are overly hectic or emotionally empty, and are looking for ways to restore the balance, they are looking to leading a mindful life. Living a mindful life seems more difficult now than it was in the past. The fast life is all around us - fast food, fast cars, fast conversations, fast families, fast holidays. We may be living great lives but we don't take the time to linger over food, over friends, over our family etc. We are not savoring our life and are searching for the real connection to our life. The solution is self-explanatory. We need to slow down and connect with our life. But often it is easier said than done. Each fast aspect of our life is necessary for other fast aspects to happen, and we have been fooled into thinking we need, or even must, be fast and have what the 'fast life' gives us. If we don't listen to our bodies and to that little voice in our head that is telling us to slow down we may succumb to the myriad of health conditions that are a result of leading fast, stressful lives. The biological costs of ignoring stress are staggering, manifesting in cardiovascular and other systemic diseases and even, new research shows, in accelerated aging. The psychological costs are equally large with anxiety, depression, eating disorders and other emotional illnesses associated with unmanaged stress.

The SLOW movement is one of the efforts to change people's attitude to life in contemporary world. The Slow Food Movement is a relatively new organized effort to resist the rapid spread of fast food and is closely associated with a broader Worldwide Slow Movement. The Slow Food Movement traces its beginnings to a protest against the opening of a McDonald's Fast Food restaurant at the foot of the Spanish Steps in the City of Rome, Italy in the 1980's. One of the organizers of this protest was an Italian writer and editor named Carlo Petrini. Petrini went on to form an organization called Arcicola in 1986. This organization later spawned the Slow Food Movement which now has grown to include over 80,000 members with chapters in over 100 different countries. There are over 800 different chapters with almost 350 of them being located in Italy which is still the spiritual headquarters of the movement. Offices have been opened in Germany, the United States, France, Switzerland, Japan, and the United Kingdom. The main headquarters is located in Bra in Italy which is the hometown of Carlo Petrini. The office and headquarters are for support purposes only as each Chapter is independent and under its own leader. The Chapter is solely responsible for activities in their region.

The goals of the Slow Food Movement are varied and go way beyond simple resistance to the encroachment of fast food into our culture. They do have the goal of warning consumers of the dangers of fast food, but this is only one of their goals. They also encourage the preservation of local seed stocks and food varieties. They oppose the use of pesticides. The Slow Food Movement is closely associated with the much broader Slow Movement in opposing the large agricultural and food producing and distributing industry that is slowly reducing choice and variety in foods. In 1989, Delegates from 20 different countries met together and approved a document called the Slow Food Manifesto that sums up the ideals of the organization.

The following is a direct quote from the opening of the Manifesto. "Our century, which began and has developed under the insignia of industrial civilization, first invented the machine and then took it as its life model. We are enslaved by speed and have all succumbed to the same insidious virus: Fast Life, which disrupts our habits, pervades the privacy of our homes and forces us to eat Fast Foods. To be worthy of the name, Homo Sapiens should rid himself of speed before it reduces him to a species in danger of extinction."

These words show the connection between Slow Food and the general Slow Movement, including also the Slow Cities Movement. The Slow Food Movement is focused on our food habits, but they are also concerned with the idea that modern human life is moving forward at too fast a pace. We are not getting a chance to savor anything, including the food we eat.

Social eating 

 

Language Note

savor (verb) - enjoy, take pleasure in

succumb (verb) - give in, surrender

staggering (adjective) - amazing, shocking

cardiovascular disease/disorder (adjective - medical term) - illness/ health problem related to disturbances in  blood circulation, wrong blood pressure and functioning of the heart

spawn (verb) - generate, initiate

chapter (noun) - subdivision, section

encroachment (noun) - violation

enslaved (adjective) - imprisoned, locked up

insidious (adjective) - sinister, dangerous

extinction (noun) - destruction, death

 

Task to do.

Try to think of adjectives to describe the lifestyle and way of eating promoted by SLOW Movement. Then, find their opposites.

 

Answer

slow - fast, quick, rapid

peaceful - hectic

relaxed - stressed, busy

quiet - noisy

deserted - crowded

happy - unhappy

traditional - innovative

local - general

pleasant - unpleasant

friendly - unfriendly

conservative - modern

balanced - unbalanced

optimistic - pessimistic

joyful - sad, upset

sociable - hostile





Prepared by:
ACT Advanced Corporate Training
Szkolenia językowe i biznesowe
www.act.edu.pl


Other Lessons (show...):


Lesson 216: WAIT
Lesson 215: POLITICS
Lesson 214: MATHEMATICS IN ENGLISH
Lesson 213: HEADLINE ENGLISH
Lesson 212: NEW YEAR`S RESOLUTIONS
Lesson 211: WHO IS SANTA CLAUS?
Lesson 210: A SOCIAL EXPERIMENT
Lesson 209: THE RULES OF SARCASM
Lesson 208: DO YOU KNOW WHY?
Lesson 207: THE WAYS TO GET SMARTER
Lesson 206: TELEPHONING
Lesson 205: HUNTING FOR WORDS (2)
Lesson 204: HUNTING FOR WORDS
Lesson 203: BUSINESS WISDOM IN PHRASAL VERB
Lesson 202: TIME
Lesson 201: ALL ABOUT BEER.... TO PREPARE FOR OCTOBERFEST
Lesson 200: TIPS FOR A TRAVELLING BUSINESSMAN
Lesson 199: FANTASTIC ANIMAL FACTS
Lesson 198: CONTAINERS (FOOD)
Lesson 197: FAST FOOD BLUES
Lesson 196: MALE AND FEMALE LANGUAGE
Lesson 195: LOOKING LEFT, THINKING RIGHT ?
Lesson 194: ENGLISH SPELLING SIMPLIFIED
Lesson 193: FOOTBALL FRENZY!
Lesson 192: FACEBOOK STORY
Lesson 191: TOP TIPS FOR GIVING PRESENTATIONS
Lesson 190: SECRETS OF SLEEPERS
Lesson 189: YOUR USE OF PRONOUNS REVEALS YOUR PERSONALITY
Lesson 188: DON`T WORRY, BE HAPPY
Lesson 187: MANAGING STRESS
Lesson 186: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - THE CONFERENCE
Lesson 185: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - CONFLICT
Lesson 184: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - THE GENERATION GAP
Lesson 183: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - WHAT`S THE POINT OF HR?
Lesson 182: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - PHILOSOPHICALLY SPEAKING
Lesson 181: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - ACCRUED HOLIDAYS
Lesson 180: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - CALIBRATING POTENTIAL
Lesson 179: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL
Lesson 178: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - BUSINESS PARTNERING
Lesson 177: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - NEW YEAR`S RESOLUTIONS
Lesson 176: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - SPHERICAL OBJECTS
Lesson 175: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - THE COMMUNICATION PLAN
Lesson 174: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - TRAINING OR TRAININGS?
Lesson 173: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - A MATTER OF POLICY
Lesson 172: A LONG COLD WINTER
Lesson 171: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - TOILET TALK
Lesson 170: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - THE NEW BOSS
Lesson 169: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - ANGER MANAGEMENT
Lesson 168: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - MOBBING AND BULLYING
Lesson 167: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - WORD TRANSFORMATIONS
Lesson 166: CAT ON A HOT TIN ROOF
Lesson 165: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - TOP DOG
Lesson 164: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - A SOURCE OF CONFUSION
Lesson 163: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - TO BE OR NOT TO BE (AT WORK)
Lesson 162: MEET PETE - E27 - HOW TO TELL THEM APART
Lesson 161: GONE TO THE DOGS
Lesson 160: MEET PETE - E26 - SAVE THE DAY
Lesson 159: COUNTING SHEEP
Lesson 158: HOLIDAY TIME
Lesson 157: Meet Pete – E25 – A Question of Taste
Lesson 156: Meet Pete – E24 – Don’t be a jerk
Lesson 155: THE WALLS HAVE EARS
Lesson 154: FOOD FOR THOUGHT
Lesson 153: Meet Pete – E22 – The New Game Plan
Lesson 152: HERE COMES THE SUMMER
Lesson 151: Meet Pete – E23 – Succession Meeting
Lesson 150: I TAKE IT ALL BACK
Lesson 149: MEET PETE - E21 - ABOUT ONE VERY SERIOUS THING
Lesson 148: CHARACTER
Lesson 147: MEET PETE - E20 - IN THE RED
Lesson 146: A WINTER OF DISCONTENT
Lesson 145: MEET PETE - E19 - JUDGE A MAN BY HIS QUESTIONS
Lesson 144: SPRING IS IN THE AIR
Lesson 143: LANGUAGE REFRESHER – IDIOMS
Lesson 142: DO YOU GET IT?
Lesson 141: MEET PETE - E16 - EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT
Lesson 140: A ONE HORSE RACE
Lesson 139: MEET PETE - AN INTERVIEW WITH THE CEO
Lesson 138: BAD DEBTS
Lesson 137: EUPHEMISMS
Lesson 136: Meet Pete - E014 - Delegating
Lesson 135: AND? - EXPRESSIONS WITH AND
Lesson 134: Meet Pete – 5 Whys
Lesson 133: The Morning After The Night Before
Lesson 132: Meet Pete – E13 – Salary Ping-Pong
Lesson 131: A LETTER TO SANTA
Lesson 130: Meet Pete - E12 - It never rains but it pours
Lesson 129: Body idioms
Lesson 128: Meet Pete – Don’t put your fingers in too many pies.
Lesson 127: USING NEGATIVE QUESTIONS TO PERSUADE
Lesson 126: MEET PETE - E10 - THE POLYMATH
Lesson 125: PARTIAL AGREEMENT
Lesson 124: MEET PETE - E09 - ROLE AMBIGUITY
Lesson 123: EVERYTHING IS SUBJECTIVE
Lesson 122: MEET PETE – E08 – GALLUP 12 QUESTIONS
Lesson 121: THE OFFICE - WORK RELATED IDIOMS
Lesson 120: THE BLUES AND OTHER COLOURS
Lesson 119: LANGUAGE REFRESHER – PERSUADING – Part two
Lesson 118: LANGUAGE REFRESHER – PERSUADING – Part one
Lesson 117: HR - but what brand?
Lesson 116: Love your job, hate your boss?
Lesson 115: LANGUAGE REFRESHER - FEEDBACK AND APPRAISALS – Part two
Lesson 114: IDIOM REFRESHER - SPORTS IDIOMS - Part four
Lesson 113: IDIOM REFRESHER - SPORTS IDIOMS - Part three
Lesson 112: LANGUAGE REFRESHER - FEEDBACK AND APPRAISALS – Part one
Lesson 111: A LOAD OF BALLS
Lesson 110: IDIOM REFRESHER - Sports idioms - Part two
Lesson 109: IDIOM REFRESHER - Sports idioms
Lesson 108: Meet Pete – Episode 07 – WHAT’S YOUR GAFFER LIKE?
Lesson 107: SPORTS IDIOMS
Lesson 106: FEEDBACK AND APPRAISALS
Lesson 105: Meet Pete - Episode Six – Fight or flight
Lesson 104: DON’T YOU THINK...?
Lesson 103: Meet Pete - Episode Five - Meet Pete – First Blood
Lesson 102: SMALL TALK - Part 3
Lesson 101: Meet Pete - Episode Four - Meeting deadlines
Lesson 100: SMALL TALK - Part 2
Lesson 99: SMALL TALK - Part 1
Lesson 98: Meet Pete - Episode Three - On The Grapevine
Lesson 97: Advertising slogans
Lesson 96: Emphasis!
Lesson 95: Meet Pete – Episode Two – The Secret of Small Talk
Lesson 94: Job or Work?
Lesson 93: Meet Pete - Episiode two - Names
Lesson 92: Meet Pete - Episode one
Lesson 91: Weasel Words
Lesson 90: BETTER LATE THAN NEVER
Lesson 89: Vague Language
Lesson 88: Making Predictions
Lesson 87: Tact
Lesson 86: Christmas
Lesson 85: The Christmas Party
Lesson 84: Are you being taken for a ride?
Lesson 83: A dead-end job
Lesson 82: Oblivion
Lesson 81: Trust your senses!
Lesson 80: Stress is tricky!
Lesson 79: What is stress?
Lesson 78: How not to make a fuss in autumn
Lesson 77: Holiday leave
Lesson 76: Belbin team roles
Lesson 75: These are my personal attributes - honestly!
Lesson 74: Managing time
Lesson 73: Engaging with customers by accessing emotions
Lesson 72: Meetings, meetings and more meetings!
Lesson 71: Giving performance feedback
Lesson 70: Performance review guide
Lesson 69: Conflict at work
Lesson 68: Caught napping
Lesson 67: Love is in the air
Lesson 66: The power of persuasion
Lesson 65: Winning negotiations
Lesson 64: Happy Easter
Lesson 63: Brain Teasers
Lesson 62: Sam Goldwyn
Lesson 61: Funny signs
Lesson 60: Oscars
Lesson 59: Language Generation Gap
Lesson 58: The Pareto Principle
Lesson 57: Tact
Lesson 56: Rhyming Slang
Lesson 55: St Valentine’s Day - origin and customs
Lesson 54: Etymology
Lesson 53: Stupidity
Lesson 52: Money jokes
Lesson 51: New Year in Madeira
Lesson 50: Christmas pantomime
Lesson 49: It’s party time!
Lesson 48: Bad Translations
Lesson 47: Proverbs
Lesson 46: Financial Puzzles
Lesson 45: Children
Lesson 44: Halloween
Lesson 43: Food crossword
Lesson 42: Tongue twisters
Lesson 41: Business inspiration quotes
Lesson 40: Political metaphors
Lesson 39: Colours
Lesson 38: Business Wisdom
Lesson 37: A poem
Lesson 36: Making and Spending money
Lesson 35: The Taste of Italy
Lesson 34: The SLOW Movement
Lesson 33: Construction
Lesson 32: Safe Internet Shopping
Lesson 31: SUDOKU
Lesson 30: SPEAK YOUR MIND Say what you really think!
Lesson 29: Harrods
Lesson 28: Full English Breakfast
Lesson 27: London Underground
Lesson 26: Loan Words
Lesson 25: Elements
Lesson 24: Business Etiquette
Lesson 23: PUNS
Lesson 22: Fables
Lesson 21: Work Proverbs
Lesson 20: Riddles
Lesson 19: Whodunit?
Lesson 18: Language of chatrooms
Lesson 17: English is everywhere
Lesson 16: Winter Sports
Lesson 15: This Week - New Year in Madeira
Lesson 14: Christmas Crackers
Lesson 13: Insurance Humour
Lesson 12: This Week: Tips for presentations
Lesson 11: Stress at work
Lesson 10: Sherlock Holmes
Lesson 9: What makes a great salesman?
Lesson 8: TRIVIA
Lesson 7: Holidays
Lesson 6: Crazy Headlines
Lesson 5: Economists
Lesson 4: The Pareto Principle
Lesson 3: How to heat up cold calls
Lesson 2: Business & Psychology
Lesson 1: Advertising slogans