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YOUR USE OF PRONOUNS REVEALS YOUR PERSONALITY



 [based on Harvard Business Review, hbr.org]

A person's use of function words-the pronouns, articles, prepositions, conjunctions, and auxiliary verbs that are the connective tissue of language-offers deep insights into his or her honesty, stability, and sense of self.

Out of 100,000 words in the average English speaker's vocabulary, function words account for only about 500, or 0.5%.

55% of what we speak, hear, and read in typical speech, however, is made up of these function words.

 

Here's a simple, pronoun-heavy sentence: I don't think I buy it.

Ooh. You just revealed something about yourself in that statement. Why did you say "I don't think I buy it" instead of "I don't buy it" or even "That's ridiculous"? Pronouns tell us where people focus their attention. If someone uses the pronoun "I," it's a sign of self-focus. Say someone asks "What's the weather outside?" You could answer "It's hot" or "I think it's hot." The "I think" may seem insignificant, but it's quite meaningful. It shows you're more focused on yourself. Depressed people use the word "I" much more often than emotionally stable people. People who are lower in status use "I" much more frequently.

Can you tell if someone's lying by their use of function words?

Yes. A person who's lying tends to use "we" more or use sentences without a first-person pronoun at all. Instead of saying "I didn't take your book," a liar might say "That's not the kind of thing that anyone with integrity would do." People who are honest use exclusive words like "but" and "without" and negations such as "no," "none," and "never" much more frequently. We've analyzed transcripts of court testimony, and the differences in speech patterns are really clear.

Are there gender differences in how we use function words?

Most people think men use "I" more, because men are more narcissistic and self-congratulatory. But across studies and cultures, we found that women use "I," "me," and "mine" more. Women are more self-attentive and aware of their internal state. Men use more articles: "a," "an," and "the." That means men talk about objects and things more. You use articles when you're referring to concrete objects, because articles precede concrete nouns. Women also use more third-person pronouns-"he," "she," and "they"-because women talk more about people and relationships, and they're better at managing them. And in many ways, relationships are more complex. 

a tissue - the material forming cells

insight - the ability to perceive clearly or deeply

to account for - to constitute the governing or primary factor in sth

to reveal - to make known something that was previously secret or unknown

insignificant - too small and unimportant to consider or worry about

integrity - adherence to moral principles; honesty

testimony - a declaration by a witness under oath, as that given before a court

congratulatory -  expressive of pleasure or joy on account of someone's success or good fortune

attentive - giving care or attention; watchful

 

Put in reflexive pronouns (eg. ourselves) or object pronouns (eg. us):

Psychiatrists have proved that happiness is the secret of good health. Mood really can affect the body .................................. . This means we all have to look after ..................... . We have to enjoy .................................... and take pride in .......................... and we'll rarely have to visit the doctor. Praise helps .............................. to learn and is good for us, too. We all know how pleased young children feel when they learn to dress ........................... and do things by ................................... . We should praise ............................ for their achievements. Bosses rarely have a good word for ............................. . Yet, if we want to be happy and healthy, we need people around ......................... who keep telling ............................. how marvelous we are. Then we ................................. will believe that we are marvelous, too!

[Longman English Grammar Practice]

Key: itself/ourselves/ourselves/ourselves/us/themselves/themselves/them/us/us/us/ourselves

 

__________________________________________

Lekcje opracowane przez lektorów i metodyków ACT. 

 

ACT Advanced Corporate Training to renomowana firma szkoleniowa dostarczająca skuteczne rozwiązania w ramach dwóch działów: szkoleń językowych (ogólne i specjalistyczne umiejętności językowe) oraz szkoleń biznesowych (umiejętności miękkie, coaching), ciesząc się zaufaniem wymagających klientów z całej Polski. Wyróżnia się jakością usług oraz dopasowaniem do potrzeb klienta biznesowego.

Kontakt: www.act.edu.pl; act@act.edu.p

 








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Lesson 216: WAIT
Lesson 215: POLITICS
Lesson 214: MATHEMATICS IN ENGLISH
Lesson 213: HEADLINE ENGLISH
Lesson 212: NEW YEAR`S RESOLUTIONS
Lesson 211: WHO IS SANTA CLAUS?
Lesson 210: A SOCIAL EXPERIMENT
Lesson 209: THE RULES OF SARCASM
Lesson 208: DO YOU KNOW WHY?
Lesson 207: THE WAYS TO GET SMARTER
Lesson 206: TELEPHONING
Lesson 205: HUNTING FOR WORDS (2)
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Lesson 203: BUSINESS WISDOM IN PHRASAL VERB
Lesson 202: TIME
Lesson 201: ALL ABOUT BEER.... TO PREPARE FOR OCTOBERFEST
Lesson 200: TIPS FOR A TRAVELLING BUSINESSMAN
Lesson 199: FANTASTIC ANIMAL FACTS
Lesson 198: CONTAINERS (FOOD)
Lesson 197: FAST FOOD BLUES
Lesson 196: MALE AND FEMALE LANGUAGE
Lesson 195: LOOKING LEFT, THINKING RIGHT ?
Lesson 194: ENGLISH SPELLING SIMPLIFIED
Lesson 193: FOOTBALL FRENZY!
Lesson 192: FACEBOOK STORY
Lesson 191: TOP TIPS FOR GIVING PRESENTATIONS
Lesson 190: SECRETS OF SLEEPERS
Lesson 189: YOUR USE OF PRONOUNS REVEALS YOUR PERSONALITY
Lesson 188: DON`T WORRY, BE HAPPY
Lesson 187: MANAGING STRESS
Lesson 186: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - THE CONFERENCE
Lesson 185: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - CONFLICT
Lesson 184: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - THE GENERATION GAP
Lesson 183: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - WHAT`S THE POINT OF HR?
Lesson 182: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - PHILOSOPHICALLY SPEAKING
Lesson 181: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - ACCRUED HOLIDAYS
Lesson 180: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - CALIBRATING POTENTIAL
Lesson 179: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL
Lesson 178: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - BUSINESS PARTNERING
Lesson 177: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - NEW YEAR`S RESOLUTIONS
Lesson 176: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - SPHERICAL OBJECTS
Lesson 175: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - THE COMMUNICATION PLAN
Lesson 174: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - TRAINING OR TRAININGS?
Lesson 173: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - A MATTER OF POLICY
Lesson 172: A LONG COLD WINTER
Lesson 171: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - TOILET TALK
Lesson 170: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - THE NEW BOSS
Lesson 169: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - ANGER MANAGEMENT
Lesson 168: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - MOBBING AND BULLYING
Lesson 167: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - WORD TRANSFORMATIONS
Lesson 166: CAT ON A HOT TIN ROOF
Lesson 165: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - TOP DOG
Lesson 164: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - A SOURCE OF CONFUSION
Lesson 163: HORACE AND ROGER`S HR CHATS - TO BE OR NOT TO BE (AT WORK)
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Lesson 161: GONE TO THE DOGS
Lesson 160: MEET PETE - E26 - SAVE THE DAY
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Lesson 50: Christmas pantomime
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